Wednesday, 6 June 2012

Is Makkah superior or Madina?

As Salamu Alaykum

Here we will Prove that Makkah is superior or Madina
After reading clear sahih hadiths of Bukhari/Muslim/Muwatta-Imam Malik it becomes certain that Madina is more blessed than Makkah, for example hadiths like the following.

Hadith # 1

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 109: (Sahih Bukhari)Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, "O Allah! Bestow on Medina twice the blessings You bestowed on Mecca."

Hadith # 2

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 339: (Sahih Bukhari)Narrated 'Abdullah bin Zaid: The Prophet said, "The Prophet Abraham made Mecca a sanctuary, and asked for Allah's blessing in it. I made Medina a sanctuary as Abraham made Mecca a sanctuary and I asked for Allah's Blessing in its measures the Mudd and the Sa as Abraham did for Mecca.

As we know Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is seuprior in status to Ibrahim (alaih salam) so the sanctuary which he made is also superior by analogical point of view.

Hadith # 3

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 114: (Sahih Bukhari)Narrated Zaid bin Aslam from his father: Umar said, O Allah! Grant me martyrdom in Your cause, and let my death be in the city of Your Apostle."

If Sayyidna Umar (ra) considered Makkah as more superior then he would have asked for martyrdom in Makkah not Madina and with the Grace of Allah Sayyidna Farooqal-Azam was also martyred in Madina and his dua was accepted.

Hadith # 4

Book 45, Number 45.2.6: (Muwatta Imam Malik)

Malik related to me from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that the
Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No one leaves Madina preferring to live elsewhere, but that Allah will give it better than him in place of him ."

The Place of Prophet's burial is holier than Ka'ba
This hadith is “Muttlaq and includes all places except Madina”

Book 45, Number 45.4.14: (Muwatta Imam Malik)

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that A'isha, umm al-muminin said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Madina, Abu Bakr and Bilal came down with a fever.I visited them and said, 'Father, how are you? Bilal, how are you?'" She continued, "When Abu Bakr's fever worsened he would say, 'Every man is struck down among his people in the morning - death is nearer than the strap of his sandal.'"

When it left Bilal, he raised his voice and said, 'Would that I knew whether I will spend a night at the valley of Makka with the idhkhir herb and jalil herb around me. Will I go one day to the waters of Majinna? Will the mountains of Shama and Tafil appear to me?' " '

A'isha continued, "I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and informed him. He said, 'O Allah! Make us love Madina “AS MUCH AS WE LOVE MAKKA OR EVEN MORE. Make it sound and bless us in our sa' and mudd. Remove its fever and put it in al-Juhfa.' "

Plre Note at: “OR EVEN MORE” so no wonder Imam Malik (rah) the great Imam of fiqh was of opninion that Madina was superior to Makkah in status.

This is why great Imams went to the extent of saying:

Qadhi Iyadh and others (Allah have mercy on them all) have related the consensus of the Ummah on the fact that the land on which lies the blessed Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) is more virtuous than even Ka’ba, and that the difference of opinion among the scholars is besides the grave.” (Manasik Mulla Ali al-Qari, p. 531-532) 
Superiority of Makkah
Question Regarding Makkah: Secondly, regarding the question i think one thing was missed for comparison in ur statement.... in Quran Allah swore on Makkah (ryt?) n the reason given was tht Huzoor lived in it and a father and a son.... so doesnt this makes Makkah afzal? I mean Allah swore on it bcoz of Huzoor(saww).....

First of all we want to clarify again that we do not condemn people who consider Makkah al-Muqaramah as more superior (except Wahabis as they do not follow proper Usool and without proper principles all deductions are false). Even I used to have same viewpoint but then after doing thorough research I came to conclusion that Madina is deemed Superior by Prophet (Peace be upon him) himself and the great Khalifa Sayyidna Umar bin Khattab (ra), so combination of Qur'an and Sunnah makes us reach the conclusion that Madina is superior.

Regarding the oath you are talking about then Allah has taken oaths of many blessed creations, for example Qur'an states:

Verily, by thy life (O Prophet), in their wild intoxication, they wander in distraction, to and fro. [The Glorious Qur'an 15:72]

So here Allah has taken oath on "LIFE OF PROPHET (PEACE BE UPON HIM)" now remember Life of Prophet (Peace be upon him) was both in Madina and Makkah and If we analyze life of Prophet we come to conclusion that Prophet + Khulafa ar Rashideen made Madina the welfare state + headquarter of Islam not Makkah. 

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ طَلَعَ لَهُ أُحُدٌ فَقَالَ هَذَا جَبَلٌ يُحِبُّنَا وَنُحِبُّهُ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَرَّمَ مَكَّةَ وَإِنِّي أُحَرِّمُ مَا بَيْنَ لَابَتَيْهَا

Sayyidina Anas ibn Maalik (RA) reported that on seeing Uhud, Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said, “This Mountain loves us and we love it. O Allah, surely, Ibrahim declared Makkah to be sacred and I declare sacred that which lies between the two rocks (Madinah).”

Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith No (3948) Chapter 141 About the excellence of Madinah

[Ahmed 12612, Muslim 1365]

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَنْ اسْتَطَاعَ أَنْ يَمُوتَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَلْيَمُتْ بِهَا فَإِنِّي أَشْفَعُ لِمَنْ يَمُوتُ بِهَا

Sayyidina Ibn Umar (RA) reported that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said, “If anyone can die in Madinah, let him die there for, I will intercede for one who dies there.”

Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith No (3943) Chapter 141 About the excellence of Madinah

[Ahmed 5438, Ibn e Majah 311] 

خَرَجْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَتَّى إِذَا كُنَّا بِحَرَّةِ السُّقْيَا الَّتِي كَانَتْ لِسَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ائْتُونِي بِوَضُوءٍ فَتَوَضَّأَ ثُمَّ قَامَ فَاسْتَقْبَلَ الْقِبْلَةَ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ كَانَ عَبْدَكَ وَخَلِيلَكَ وَدَعَا لِأَهْلِ مَكَّةَ بِالْبَرَكَةِ وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ وَرَسُولُكَ أَدْعُوكَ لِأَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ أَنْ تُبَارِكَ لَهُمْ فِي مُدِّهِمْ وَصَاعِهِمْ مِثْلَيْ مَا بَارَكْتَ لِأَهْلِ مَكَّةَ مَعَ الْبَرَكَةِ بَرَكَتَيْنِ

Sayyidina Ali ibn Abu Talib narrated: we went forth with Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) till we were at Harrah Suqya, The locality of Sa’d ibn Abu Waqqas. Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said, “Fetch me water for ablultion.” He performed ablution and stood up and faced the qiblah. Then he prayed:

"O Allah! Surely, Ibrahim was Your slave and Your friend. He prayed (to You) for the people of Makkah to be blessed. And, I am Your slave and Your Messenger. I pray to You for the people of Madinah that You bless them in their mudd and their Sa’ like You blessed for the people of Makkah, with a blessing twice over."

Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith No (3940) Chapter 141 About the excellence of Madinah

[Ahmed 9361] 

Volume 3, Book 30, Number 100: (Sahih Bukhari)

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Verily, Belief returns and goes back to Medina as a snake returns and goes back to its hole (when in danger)."

So those people who say visiting Madina is not important for Hajj or Umra are not wanted there at first place because only the Momineen have the concept that Faith returns to Madina whereas haters of Prophet (Peace be upon him) find excuses.

Jazak Allahu Khayrun , indeed Madina is superior to Makkah in virtue. 
Sahih Bukhari : Volume 3 : Hadith 95
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle Sallallahu alyhi wa sallam said, "I was ordered to migrate to a town which will swallow (conquer) other towns and is called Yathrib and that is Medina, and it turns out (bad) persons as a furnace removes the impurities of iron.
One of the Most Beautiful Hadith related to the the People who plot against the People of Madina

Sahih Bukhari : Volume 3 : Hadith 101
Narrated Sa`d: I heard the Prophet saying, "None plots against the people of Medina but that he will be dissolved (destroyed) like the salt is dissolved in water."

This is a straight warning from Rasul-Allah (Sallal laho alaihe wasallam)

Sahih Bukhari :

Narrated 'Aisha: When Allah's Apostle reached Medina, Abu Bakr and Bilal became ill. When Abu Bakr's fever got worse, he would recite (this poetic verse): "Everybody is staying alive with his People, yet Death is nearer to him than His shoe laces." And Bilal, when his fever deserted him, would recite: "Would that I could stay overnight in A valley wherein I would be Surrounded by Idhkhir and Jalil (kinds of good-smelling grass). Would that one day I could Drink the water of the Majanna, and Would that (The two mountains) Shama and Tafil would appear to me!" The Prophet said, "O Allah! Curse Shaiba bin Rabi'a and 'Utba bin Rabi'a and Umaiya bin Khalaf as they turned us out of our land to the land of epidemics." Allah's Apostle then said, "O Allah! Make us love Madina as we love Mecca or even more than that. O Allah! Give blessings in our Sa and our Mudd (measures symbolizing food) and make the climate of Medina suitable for us, and divert its fever towards Aljuhfa." Aisha added: When we reached Medina, it was the most unhealthy of Allah's lands, and the valley of Bathan (the valley of Medina) used to flow with impure colored water. 
The Prophet's Grave is the Holiest(Most Superior) Site on Earth

Qadi `Iyad states in al-Shifa', in the chapter on visiting the Prophet, the consensus of the Muslims whereby the site of the Prophet's grave is the holiest site on earth. This particular consensus has been questioned by Ibn Taymiyya in his al-Ziyara and Shawkani in Nayl al-awtar, however, it is established that some of the major scholars of all four schools agree to this view whether or not it is a consensus, among whom are the following:

Hanafis: Mulla `Ali al-Qari in his Sharh al-Shifa' already quoted.

Malikis: Qadi `Iyad in al-Shifa' already quoted. He cited ijma` on this question.

Shafi`is: Imam Nawawi in his Sharh Sahih Muslim 6:101 [1] and al-Majmu` sharh al-muhadhdhab 7:444 [6]. He reported `Iyad's statement and did not contradict it.

Hanbalis: Shaykh Ibn `Aqil as quoted by Ibn Qayyim in Bada'i` al-fawa'id

See also: Sa`di Abu Habib, Mawsu`at al-ijma` fi al-fiqh al-islami 2:919.
Al-Shawkani in Nayl al-Awtar says:

"The position of `Umar and some of the Companions and Malik and the majority of the people of Madina is that Madina is better."

Shawkani, Nayl al-awtar, Dar al-kutub al-`ilmiyya, 5:28.

"There is no doubt that Mecca, among the highly venerated sanctuaries, is preferable to Madina itself, except for the mound of the Prophet's grave, which is mercy and tranquillity: for it is better than the Ka`ba or rather, better than the Throne itself according to a large group of the scholars."

Mulla 'Ali al-Qari, Sharh al-Shifa', Dar al-kutub al-`ilmiyya ed., 2:162.
Indeed Madina Munawarra is superior to Makkah Muqaramah, as a matter of fact the dust touching the blessed body of Prophet (Peace be upon him) is superior to the Ka'ba and Arsh.

Note: Some ignorant people do not realize that Ka'ba and Arsh are also creations of Allah not that Allah is sitting over or inside any of these two! Hence amongst best of Allah's creations is Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) so his resting place is also most superior! 
Allah and His Prophet(صلى الله عليه وسلم) Knows the Best , 



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