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Wednesday, 6 June 2012

Imam Abu Hanifa R.A and Narration of Hadiths

    Imam Al-Azaam Fil Hadith

There has some been confusion for the people in regards to find the hadith, which contains Imam al Azam Abu Hanifa R.A in the chain. Although there are many, but i will try to quote few of them

1)
 
حدثنا يزيد حدثنا أبو قطن حدثنا أبو حنيفة عن عطية عن أبي سعيد عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فذكر  مثله
 
 
Translation: Yazid narrated to us: Abu Qatan narrated to us: Abu Hanifah
narrated to us from ‘Atiyyah from Abu Sa’id [al-Khudri] from Allah’s
Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace), then he mentioned the
equivalent of it [i.e. the words: "Whoever lies upon me deliberately,
let him take his seat in the Fire."]
 
Reference: Imam Tahawai, Book: Sharh Mushkil al-Athar, Volume No:1, Page No: 361, Hadith No:401
All the narrators are Thiqa and it is Rigorously Authentic hadith
 
 
Same hadith is present in Sahih Bukhari
 
 
A)


حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْجَعْدِ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعْبَةُ، قَالَ
أَخْبَرَنِي مَنْصُورٌ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رِبْعِيَّ بْنَ حِرَاشٍ، يَقُولُ
سَمِعْتُ عَلِيًّا، يَقُولُ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم " لاَ
تَكْذِبُوا عَلَىَّ، فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ كَذَبَ عَلَىَّ فَلْيَلِجِ النَّارَ "
.

 
Translation:
Narrated `Ali:The Prophet said, "Do not tell a lie against me for
whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally) then he will surely
enter the Hell-fire."

Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith No: 106
 
 
B)


حَدَّثَنَا مَكِّيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ
أَبِي عُبَيْدٍ، عَنْ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه
وسلم يَقُولُ " مَنْ يَقُلْ عَلَىَّ مَا لَمْ أَقُلْ فَلْيَتَبَوَّأْ
مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ النَّارِ "
.

Translation: Narrated
Salama: I heard the Prophet saying, "Whoever (intentionally) ascribes
to me what I have not said then (surely) let him occupy his seat in
Hell-fire."

Reference Sahih al-Bukhari hadith no: 109
 
 
Above Hadith is an Mutawaatir hadith [Narrated from various chains]
 
 
Imam Ibn Hajar Asqalani said: 
 
Example
of a Mutawaatir Hadeeth: The above-mentioned Hadeeth: “Whosoever
falsely attributes anything to me…” is a Mutawaatir Hadeeth.[Ibn Hajar
Asqalani Nukhbat ul fikr, page 22]


Scan Pages of Imam Tahawi
 

Volume No:1, Page No: 361, Hadith No:401



2)
حدثنا إبراهيم بن أبي داود قال حدثنا محمد بن المثنى قال حدثنا إسحاق بن يوسف الأزرق عن أبي حنيفة عن علقمة بن مرثد عن سليمان بن بريدة عن أبيه قال قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الدال على الخير كفاعله
 
Translation:
Ibrahim ibn Abi Dawud narrated to us: He said: Muhammad ibn al-Muthanna
narrated to us: He said: Ishaq ibn Yusuf al-Azraq narrated to us from Abu Hanifah
from ‘Alqamah ibn Marthad from Sulayman ibn Buraydah from his father:
He said: the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “The
inviter to goodness is like its doer.” (no. 1545, vol. 4:204)
 
Reference: Imam Tahawai, Book: Sharh Mushkil al-Athar, Volume No:4, Page No: 204, Hadith No:1545
 
All narrators are Thiqa
 
 
Similar Hadith with slightly different chain is present in Musnad Ahmed
 
 
2A)
مسند أحمد - بَاقِي مُسْنَدِ الْأَنْصَارِ - الدال على الخير كفاعله

حَدَّثَنَا
إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو فُلَانَةَ كَذَا قَالَ أَبِي
لَمْ يُسَمِّهِ عَلَى عَمْدٍ وَحَدَّثَنَاه غَيْرُهُ فَسَمَّاهُ يَعْنِي أَبَا حُنَيْفَةَ عَنْ
عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ مَرْثَدٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ
أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ لِرَجُلٍ
أَتَاهُ اذْهَبْ فَإِنَّ الدَّالَّ عَلَى الْخَيْرِ كَفَاعِلِهِ



Translation: Ishaqq bin Yousuf from Abu Fulaan from Abu Haneefah
from 'Alqmah bin marthad from Sulieman bin Buraidah from his father: He
said: the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “The
inviter to goodness is like its doer.”
 
 
Reference: Imam Ahmed Book Musnad Ahmed, Vol 38, Hadith no 23027, Page no 132

Scan Page of Imam Tahawi

Volume No:4, Page No: 204, Hadith No:1545



Scan Page of Musnad Ahmad [Volume 38, Hadith no 23027, Page no 132]

 
 
 
 
 
3) 
 
باب بيان مشكل ما روي عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في طلوع النجم الذي ترتفع بطلوعه العاهة أو تخف أي النجوم هو؟

حدثنا أحمد بن داود قال: حدثنا إسماعيل بن سالم قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن قال أخبرنا أبو حنيفة
قال حدثنا عطاء بن أبي رباح عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله
صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا طلع النجم رفعت العاهة عن أهل كل بلد.
Translation:
Ahmad ibn Dawud narrated to us: He said: Isma’il ibn Salim narrated to
us: He said: Muhammad ibn al-Hasan narrated to us: He said: Abu Hanifah
narrated to us: He said: ‘Ata’ ibn Abi Rabah narrated to us from Abu
Hurayrah (Allah be pleased with him): He said: Allah’s Messenger (Allah
bless him and grant him peace) said: “When the star appears, calamity is
lifted from the inhabitants of every land.”
 
Reference: Imam Tahawai, Book: Sharh Mushkil al-Athar, Volume No:6, Page No: 53, Hadith No:2282
Scan Page of Imam Tahawi


Volume No:6, Page No: 51, Hadith No:2282

 
 
 
 
 
4)
وحدثنا روح بن الفرج قال حدثنا يوسف بن عدي قال حدثنا عبد الرحيم بن سليمان الرازي عن النعمان بن ثابت أبي حنيفة عن
حماد عن سعيد بن جبير عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال بعث رسول الله صلى
الله عليه وسلم بضعفة أهله ليلا من جمع وقال لهم لا ترموا الجمرة حتى تطلع
الشمس


Translation: Rawh ibn al-Faraj narrated to us: He
said: Yusuf ibn ‘Adi narrated to us: He said: ‘Abd al-Rahim ibn Sulayman
al-Razi narrated to us from al-Nu’man ibn Thabit Abi Hanifah
from Hammad [ibn Abi Sulayman] from Sa’id ibn Jubayr from Ibn ‘Abbas
(Allah be pleased with them): He said: “Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless
him and grant him peace) dispatched the weak of his family in the night
from Muzdalifah, and he said to them: ‘Do not pelt the jamrah until
sunrise.’”
 
Reference: Imam Tahawai, Book: Sharh Mushkil al-Athar, Volume No:9, Page No: 120, Hadith No:3495
Scan Page of Imam Tahawi



Volume No:9, Page No: 120, Hadith No:3495




5)
حدثنا صالح بن عبد الرحمن قال ثنا عبد الله بن يزيد المقرىء قال وحدثنا فهد قال ثنا أبو نعيم قال ثنا أبو حنيفة
رحمه الله عن هشام بن عروة عن أبيه عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن فاطمة بنت
أبي حبيش أتت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقالت إني أحيض الشهر والشهرين
فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إن ذلك ليس بحيض وإنما ذلك عرق من دمك
فإذا أقبل الحيض فدعي الصلاة وإذا أدبر فاغتسلي لطهرك ثم توضئي عند كل
صلاة
 Translation:
Salih ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman narrated to us: He said: ‘Abd Allah ibn Yazid
al-Muqri’ narrated to us: He said: Fahd narrated to us: He said: Abu
Nu’aym narrated to us: He said: Abu Hanifah
narrated to us from Hisham ibn ‘Urwah from his father from ‘A’ishah
(Allah be pleased with her) that Fatimah bint Abi Hubaysh came to the
Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) and she said: “I was
menstruating for a month or two months.” The Messenger of Allah (Allah
bless him and grant him peace) said: “That is not menstruation, but
that is a [ruptured] vessel of your blood. Therefore, when the
menstruation comes, leave Salah, and when it leaves [and post-menstrual
bleeding begins], then bathe for your purification and then perform wudu for every Salah.”
 
Reference: Imam Tahawai, Book: Sharh Mushkil al-Athar, Volume No:7, Page No: 157, Hadith No: 2732
Scan Page of Imam Tahawi


Volume No:7, Hadith No: 2732, Page No: 157




6)
حدثنا أحمد بن داود حدثنا إسماعيل بن سالم الصائغ ثنا أبو معاوية أخبرني النعمان بن ثابت
عن علقمة بن مرثد عن ابن بريدة عن أبيه قال جاء ماعز الأسلمي إلى رسول
الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو جالس فأقر بالزنا فرده أربع مرات ثم أمر برجمه
فأقاموه في مكان قليل الحجارة فلما أصابته الحجارة جزع فخرج يشتد حتى أتى
الحرة فثبت لهم فيها فرموه بجلاميدها حتى سكت فقالوا يا رسول الله ماعز حين
أصابته الحجارة جزع فخرج يشتد فقال هلا خليتم سبيله

Translation:
Ahmad ibn Dawud narrated to us: He said: Isma’il ibn Salim al-Sa’igh
narrated to us : He said: Abu Mu’awiyah narrated to us: al-Nu’man ibn Thabit (Abu Hanifa)
reported to me from ‘Alqamah ibn Marthad from Ibn Buraydah from his
father: He said: “Ma’iz al-Aslami came to Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless
him and grant him peace) while he was seated and confessed [that he
committed] adultery. He rejected his [confession] four times, and then
he ordered his stoning. Thereupon, they stood him up in a place with few
stones. When stones struck him, he began to worry, so he came out
running until he reached al-Harrah wherein he was stopped by them and
they pelted him with its stones until he became silent. Later, they
said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! When stones struck Ma’iz he became worried
and ran.’ He said: ‘Why did you not let him go?!’” 

Reference: Imam Tahawai, Book: Sharh Mushkil al-Athar, Volume No:1, Page No:379-380, Hadith No: 432
Scan Page of Imam Tahawi


Volume No:1, Hadith No: 432, Page No:379-380

 
 
 
Marfu Narrations of Imam Abu Hanifah r.a  from the ibn shaybah r.a [Teacher of Imam Bukhari r.a]

7)
 حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ الْعَوَّامِ، عَنْ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ
عَنْ إبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْتَشِرِ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ
مَالِكٍ، قَالَ: مَا جَلَسَ إلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى الله عَلَيه وسَلَّم
أَحَدٌ فَقَامَ حَتَّى يَقُومَ.

Translation: ‘Abbad ibn al-‘Awwam narrated to us from Abu Hanifah from Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn al-Muntashir from Anas ibn Malik: He said: “No one ever sat with Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him and grant him peace) and then stood up until he stood up.”
 
Reference: Musanaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Volume no: 13, Page 169-170, Hadith No: 26182
Musanaf Ibn Abi Shaybah


Volume no: 13, Page 169-170, Hadith No: 26182

 
 
 
 
 
8)
 حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ،
عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ مَرْثَدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ،
قَالَ لَمَّا رُجِمَ مَاعِزٌ قَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ مَا نصْنَعُ بِهِ،
قَالَ: اصْنَعُوا بِهِ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ بِمَوْتَاكُمْ مِنَ الْغُسْلِ
وَالْكَفَنِ وَالْحَنُوطِ وَالصَّلاَةِ عَلَيْهِ.

 
Translation: Abu Mu‘awiyah narrated to us from Abu Hanifah from ‘Alqamah ibn Marthad from Ibn Buraydah from his father, he said: When Ma‘iz was stoned, they said: “O Messenger of Allah! What shall we do with him?” He said: “Do with him as you do with your dead, of bathing, shrouding, perfuming and praying over him.” 
 
 
Reference: Musanaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Volume no: 7, Page 155, Hadith No:11124
Musanaf Ibn Abi Shaybah



Volume no: 7, Page 155, Hadith No:11124




 





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