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Makkah Al Mukarramah

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Blessed Jali Mubarak Of Rawdah E Rasool Sallallahu alaihe wasallam, Madinah Al Munawwarah

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The Blessed Green Dome, Madinah Al Munawwarah

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Khwaja Ghareeb Nawaz

Shahenshah E Hind, Khwaja Ghareeb Nawaz, Ajmer Shareef, India

Monday, 28 May 2012

Virtues of Ahle Bait from Sahih hadiths

Ahlul Bayt (سلام الله عليه)

وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلاَ تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ ٱلْجَاهِلِيَّةِ ٱلأُولَىٰ وَأَقِمْنَ ٱلصَّلاَةَ وَآتِينَ ٱلزَّكَـاةَ وَأَطِعْنَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ ٱلرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ ٱلْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيـراً

Translation: And stay quietly in your houses, and make not a dazzling display, like that of the former Times of Ignorance; and establish regular Prayer, and give regular Charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you, ye members of the Family, and to make you pure and spotless. (Quran-33:33)

In Light of Quran


The Wives of the Prophet are Members of His Household (Ahl Al-Bayt)



إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيــراً


Translation: Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with a thorough purification[33:33]


Tafsir Ibn Kathir:
This is a clear statement that the wives of the Prophet are included among the members of his family (Ahl Al-Bayt) here, because they are the reason why this Ayah was revealed,and the scholars are unanimously agreed that they were the reason for revelation in this case, whether this was the only reason for revelation or there was also another reason, which is the correct view. Ibn Jarir recorded that `Ikrimah used to call out in the marketplace


إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيــراً



Translation:Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with a thorough purification[Quran-33:33]


Tafsir Ibn Kathir: "This was revealed solely concerning the wives of the Prophet.'' Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn `Abbas said concerning the Ayah




The Family of Fatimah (سلام اللہ عليھا) is the Ahl-ul-bait (People of the House)



إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ



Translation: Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, O members of the family [Quran-33:33]


Tafsir Ibn Kathir:
"It was revealed solely concerning the wives of the Prophet .'' `Ikrimah said: "Whoever disagrees with me that it was revealed solely concerning the wives of the Prophet , I am prepared to meet with him and pray and invoke the curse of Allah upon those who are lying.'' So they alone were the reason for revelation, but others may be included by way of generalization. Ibn Jarir narrated that Safiyyah bint Shaybah said: "`A'ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said, `The Prophet went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of black camel's hair. Al-Hasan, may Allah be pleased with him, came and he wrapped him in the cloak with him. Then Al-Husayn, may Allah be pleased with him, came and he wrapped him in the cloak with him. Then Fatimah, may Allah be pleased with her, came and he wrapped her in the cloak with him. Then `Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, came and he wrapped him in the cloak with him, then he said:


إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُـمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيــر


Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs from you, O members of the family, and to purify you with a thorough purification.) This was recorded by Muslim.


Imam Jalal ud din Suyuti (rah): writes in his magnificent Tafsir Dur ul Munthur

وأخرج ابن أبي حاتم وابن عساكر من طريق عكرمة رضي الله عنه عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما في قوله { إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس، أهل البيت } قال: نزلت في نساء النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم


Translation: Imam Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Asakir narrate from the route of Akrama (ra) who narrated from Ibn Abbas (ra) that {Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you, ye members of the Family} was revealed regarding the blessed wives of Prophet (Peace be upon him) [Tafsir Dur ul Munthur, Volume No. 5, Page No. 562]



Imam Suyuti (rah) further quotes this hadith:

وأخرج ابن سعد عن عروة رضي الله عنه { إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت } قال: يعني أزواج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم نزلت في بيت عائشة رضي الله عنها


Translation: Imam Ibn S’ad (ra) narrates from Urwa (ra) who said: Ahlul Bayt refers to wives of Prophet (Peace be upon him). This verse was revealed regarding Hadrat Aisha (ra)



How it specifically refers to blood relatives of Prophet (i.e. Imam Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Hussain – Ridhwan Allaho Ajmain)


Imam Suyuti narrates:

وأخرج الترمذي وصححه وابن جرير وابن المنذر والحاكم وصححه وابن مردويه والبيهقي في سننه من طرق عن أم سلمة رضي الله عنها قالت:
في بيتي نزلت { إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت } وفي البيت فاطمة، وعلي، والحسن، والحسين. فجللهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بكساء كان عليه، ثم قال " هؤلاء أهل بيتي فاذهب عنهم الرجس، وطهرهم تطهيراً "


Translation: It is narrated by Imam Tirimdhi and he declared it “SAHIH”.. Imam Ibn Jarir, Ibn Mundhir and Imam Hakim who also declared it “SAHIH” plus Imam Ibn Murduya and Baihaqi in his Sunnan narrate from the route of Umm Salama (ra) who said:


This ayah was revealed in my house when in the house were present Fatima, Ali, Hassan and Hussain (Ridhwan Allaho Ajmain). The Prophet (Peace be upon him) covered them in his own cloak and then said: (O Allah) these are my Ahlul Bayt, remove all abomination from them and make them pure and spotless [Tafsir Dur ul Munthur, Volume No. 5, Page No. 563]


وأخرج ابن جرير وابن أبي حاتم والطبراني عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم " نزلت هذه الآية في خمسة: فيّ، وفي علي، وفاطمة، وحسن، وحسين، { إنما يريد الله ليذهب عنكم الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركم تطهيراً } ".



Translation: Imam Ibn Jarir, Ibn Abi Hatim and Imam Tabarani narrate from Hadrat Abu Sa’id al Khudri (ra) who narrates from the Prophet (Peace be upon him) who said: This ayah is revealed about 5 personalities (1) Myself (2) Ali (3) Fatima (4) Hassan and (5) Hussain (Allah’s Peace and blessings be upon them all)

In Light of Hadith


The Family of Fatimah (سلام اللہ عليھا) is the Ahl-ul-bait (People of the House)


Hadith #1


عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كان يمر بباب فاطمة ستة أشهر إذا خرج إلى
صلاة الفجر، يقول: الصلاة! يا أهل البيت: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا


Ans bin Malik (RA) narrates that when the Holy Prophet (SAW) used to come out for Fajr (dawn) prayer, as he passed the door of Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), he used to say, “O ‘people of the house’, perform your prayer” and then he used to recite the following verse from the Holy Quran: “Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house’! (the Prophet’s family) and to totally purify you,”

References

►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:352#3206)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (3:259,285)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:761#1340, 1341)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musnnaf (6:388#32272)

►Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:360#2953)

►Abd bin Humaid, al-Musnad (p.367#1223)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:172#4748)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:56#2671)

►Bukhari related it from Abul Hamra in al-Kuna (p.25# 205). In the tradition this routine of the Prophet (A) was carried out for a period of nine months.

►Abd bin Humayd has related the same tradition from Bukhari in al-Musnad (p.173# 475).
[al-Ahzab 33:33] (he did this) for six months.


Hadith #2


عن صفية بنت شيبة، قالت: قالت عائشة رضي الله عنها: خرج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم غداة وعليه مرط مرحل
من شعر أسود. فجاء الحسن بن علي فأدخله، ثم جاء الحسين فدخل معه ثم جاءت فاطمة رضي الله عنها فأدخلها، ثم
جاء علي فأدخله، ثم قال: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا


Safiyyah the daughter of Shaybah narrates that Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) said, “The Holy Prophet (SAW) came out one morning wearing a cloak which had camel saddles woven on to it with black wool. Then Hasan bin Ali (RA) came and the Holy Prophet (SAW) took him under the cloak, then Husain (RA) came and entered beneath it with the Holy Prophet (SAW). Then Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) came and the Holy Prophet (SAW) took her under the cloak. Next Ali(كرم الله وجهه) came and the Holy Prophet (SAW) also included him beneath it. Then the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) recited the verse, ‘Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house!’ (the Prophet’s family) and to totally purify you,’ (al-Ahzab 33:33).”

References

►Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1883#2424)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:370#36102)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:672#1149)

►Ibn Rahawayh, al-Musnad (3:678#1271)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:159#4705)

►Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (2:149)

►Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (22:6,7)

►Baghawi, Maalim-ut-tanzil (3:529)

►Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Quran al-azim (3:485)

►Suyuti, ad-Durr-ul-manthur fit-tafsir-bil-mathur (6:605)


Hadith #3


عن عمر بن أبي سلمة ربيب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: لما نزلت هذه الآية على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم
(إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا) في بيت أم سلمة، فدعا فاطمة و حسنا و حسينا
رضي الله عنهم فجللهم بكساء وعلي خلف ظهره فجلله بكساء، ثم قال: اللهم! هؤلاء أهل بيتي فأذهب عنهم الرجس
وطهرهم تطهيرا



Umar bin Abi Salamah (RA) who was brought up by the Prophet (SAW) narrates that when the verse, “Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house!’ (the Prophet’s family) and to totally purify you,” (al-Ahzab 33:33), was revealed to the Holy Prophet (SAW) at the home of Umm Salamah (رضي الله عنها), he (SAW) called Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) and covered them with a cloak. Ali(كرم الله وجهه) was behind him (SAW), the Holy Prophet (SAW) also covered him under the same cloak and then said, “Oh Allah! These are my ahl-ul-bait (‘people of the house’) so keep impurity away from them and totally purify them.”

References

►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:351,663#3205,3787)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (6:292)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:587#994)

►Bayhaqi related it with slightly different words in as-sunan-ul-kubra (2:150).

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (2:451#3558)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:158#4705)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (3:54#2662)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (9:25#8295)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (4:134#3799)

►Baihaqi, al-Itiqad (p.327)



Hadith #4


عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه في قوله: (إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ) قال: نزلت في خمسة: في رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم و علي و فاطمة و الحسن و الحسين رضى الله عنهم


Abu Saeed Khudri (RA) has said about the verse, “Allah only desires to keep away (all kinds of) impurity from you, O ‘people of the house’!…”, that it was revealed in honour of the following five personalities: the Messenger of Allah (SAW), Ali (كرم الله وجهه), Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA).

References

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-awsat (3:380#3456)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-us-saghir (1:231#375)

►Ibn Hayyan, Tabaqat-ul-muhadditheen bi Asbhan (3# 384)

►Khateeb Baghdadi, Tareekh Baghdad (10:278)

►Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran (22:6)



Hadith #5

‏حدثنا ‏ ‏نصر بن عبد الرحمن الكوفي ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏زيد بن الحسن هو الأنماطي ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏جعفر بن محمد ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أبيه ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏جابر بن عبد الله ‏ ‏قال ‏رأيت رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏في حجته يوم ‏ ‏عرفة ‏ ‏وهو على ناقته القصواء يخطب فسمعته يقول يا أيها الناس إني قد ‏ ‏تركت فيكم ما إن أخذتم به لن تضلوا كتاب الله وعترتي أهل بيتي

‏قال ‏ ‏وهذا ‏ ‏حديث حسن


Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah: Jabir saw Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) when performing the hajj seated on his she-camel al-Qaswa' on the day of Arafah giving an address, and he heard him saying, “O people, I have left among you something of such a nature that if you adhere to it you will not go astray: Allah's Book and my close relatives who belong to my household.” [Sunan Tirmidhi Volume 005, Book 162, Hadith Number 3718] Imam Tirmidhi (rah) said: It is hassan



Virtues of Ahle Bait(People of the House)


Fatimah (سلام اللہ عليھا)


Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women


Hadith #1


عن مسروق: حدثتني عائشة أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنها، قالت: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: يا فاطمة! ألا ترضين أن تكوني سيدة نساء المؤمنين، أو سيدة نساء هذه الأمة


Masruq narrates from the Mother of the Believers Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said,“Fatimah, are you not happy that you are the leader of the women of all the believers or the leader of the women of this ummah.”

References

►Bukhari, as-Sahih (5:2317#5928)

►Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1905#2450)

►Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.77#263)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:762#1342)

►Tayalisi, al-Musnad (p.196#1373)

►Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (2:247)

►Dawlabi, az-Zurriyah at-tahirah (p.101,102#188)

►Abu Nauym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:39, 40)

►Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:130)

Hadith #2


عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إن ملكا من السماء لم يكن زارني، فاستأذن الله في زيارتي، فبشرني أو أخبرني: أن فاطمة سيدة نساء أمتي


Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “An angel in the skies who had not seen me requested permission from Allah (SWT) to see me (which he was granted); he told me the good news or brought me the news that Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women in my nation.”

References

►Bukhari, at-Tarikh-ul-kabir (1:232#728)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:403#1006)

►Haythami said in Majma-uz-zawaid (9:201) this tradition has been narrated by Tabarani and has declared its narrators sahih (sound) except Muhammad bin Marwan Zahli. While Ibn Hibban has declared Muhammad bin Marwan Zahli as very sound.

►Dhahabi, Siyar alam an-nubala (2:127)

►Mizzi, Tahdhib-ul-kamal (26:391)



Hadith #3


عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال وهو في مرضه الذي توفي فيه: يا فاطمة! ألا ترضين أن تكوني سيدة نساء العالمين وسيدة نساء هذه الأمة و سيدة نساء المؤمنين

Ayeshah (رضي الله عنها) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said during the illness in which he passed away,“Oh Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا)! Are you not pleased with the fact that you are the leader of the women of all the worlds, the leader of the women of this ummah (nation) and the leader of the women of all the believers.”

References

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:146#8517)

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (4:251#7078)

►Hakim has declared it sahih (sound) in al-Mustadrak (3:170# 4740) while Dhahabi has supported it.

►Ibn Sa‘d, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (2:247,248)

►Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-ul-kubra (8:26,27)

►Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-ghabah fi-marifah as-sahabah (7:218)



Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of women in Paradise


Hadith #4


عن حذيفة رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن هذا ملك لم ينزل الأرض قط قبل هذه الليلة استأذن ربه أن يسلم عليّ و يبشّرني بأن فاطمة سيدة نساء أهل الجنة، وأن الحسن والحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة



Hudhaifah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “There is an angel who before tonight had never come down to earth, asked permission from his Lord to offer slam (salutations) to me and to deliver the good news to me that Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women of Paradise and Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) are the leaders of all the youngsters in Paradise.”

References

►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:660#3781)

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:80,95#8298,8365)

►Nasai, Fadhail-us-sahabah (p.58,72#193,260)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (5:391)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:788#1406)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:388#32271)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:164#4721,4722)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:402#1005)

►Bayhaqi, al-Itiqad (p.328)

►Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi-manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.224)



Hadith #5

عن بن عباس رضي الله عنه، قال: خط رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في الأرض أربعة خطوط. قال: تدرون ما هذا؟ فقالوا: الله و رسوله أعلم. فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: أفضل نساء أهل الجنة: خديجة بنت خويلد، و فاطمة بنت محمد، و آسية بنت مزاحم امرأة فرعون، و مريم ابنة عمران رضي الله عنهن اجمعين


Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) drew four lines in the ground and asked, “Do you know what this is?” The companions replied, “Allah (SWT) and His Messenger (SAW) know better.” Then the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “From the women of Paradise four are superior to others: Khadijah the daughter of Khuwaylid, Fatimah the daughter of Muhammad, Asiyah the daughter of Mazahim the wife of Pharaoh and Maryam the daughter of Imran (RA).”
References

►Nasai, Fadail-us-sahabah (p.74,76#250,259)

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:93,94#8355,8364)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (1:293,316)

►Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih (15:470#7010)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak, (2:539#3836)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:174,205#4754,4852)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:760,761# 1339)

►Abu Yala, al-Musnad (5:110#2722)

►Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:364#2962)

►Abd bin Humayd, al-Musnad (1:205#597)



Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا), a part of the Prophet (SAW)

Hadith #6

عن المسور بن مخرمة: رضي الله عنه: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: فاطمة بضعة مني، فمن أغضبها أغضبني


Miswar bin Makhramah (RA) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, “Fatimah is a part of me. Therefore, whosoever angers her angers me.”

References

►Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1361#3510)

►Bukhari, as-Sahih (3:1374#3556)

►Muslim, as-Sahih (4:1903#2449)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated it in al-Musannaf (6:388# 32269) through Ali (كرم الله وجهه)

►Shaybani, al-Aahad wal-mathani (5:361#2954)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:404#1013)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:172#4747)

►Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (10:201)

►Daylami, al-Firdaws bi mathur al-khitab (3:145#4389)

►Abu Awanah, al-Musnad (3:70#4233)

Hadith #7

عن علي رضي الله عنه أنه كان عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقال: أي شيء خير للمرأة؟ فسكتوا، فلما رجعت قلت لفاطمة: أي شيء خير للنساء؟ قالت ألا يراهن الرجال. فذكرت ذلك للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال: إنما فاطمة بضعة مني



Ali (RA) narrates, “He was present in the company of the Messenger of Allah (SAW) when the Holy Prophet (SAW) asked, ‘What is best for a woman’ on this the companions remained quiet. When I returned home I asked Fatimah, ‘Tell me what is best for a woman?’ Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) replied, ‘It is best for a woman that no men (i.e. outside of one’s immediate family: brothers, father, uncle, husband, sons) see her.’ I mentioned this to the Holy Prophet (SAW) and he (SAW) said, ‘Indeed Fatimah is a part of me.’”

References

►Bazzar, al-Musnad (2:160#526)

►Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (4:255)

►Haythami, Majma-uz-zawaid (9:202)

►Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-awliya wa tabaqat-ul-asfiya (2:40, 41,175)

►Darqutni, Sualat Hamzah (p.280#409)


HASAN(R.A) AND HUSAIN(R.A)


Hadith #8

Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying to Hasan: O Allah, behold, I love him. Thou too love him and love one who loves him.

Reference

Book 031, Number 5951:Sahih Muslim



Hadith #9

Abu Huraira reported: I went along with Allalh's Messenger (may peace be upon him) at a time during the day but he did not talk to me and I did not talk to him until he reached Bazar of Banfi Qainuqal. He came back to the tent of Fatima and said: Is the little chap (meaning Hasan) there? We were under the impression that his mother had detained him in order to bathe him and dress him and garland him with a sweet garland. Not much time had passed that he (Hasan) came running until both of them embraced each other, thereupon Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: O Allah, I love him; love him Thou and love one who loves him (Hasan).

Reference

Book 031, Number 5952:Sahih Muslim



Hadith #10

Al-Bara' b. Azib reported: I saw Hasan b. 'Ali upon the shoulders of Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) and he was saying: O Allah, I love him, and love him Thou.

Reference

Book 031, Number 5953:Sahih Muslim

Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) are the leaders of Paradise.


Hadith #11

عن حذيفة رضي الله عنه، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن هذا ملك لم ينزل الأرض قط قبل هذه الليلة استأذن ربه أن يسلم عليّ و يبشّرني بأن فاطمة سيدة نساء أهل الجنة، وأن الحسن والحسين سيدا شباب أهل الجنة



Hudhaifah (RA) narrates that the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “There is an angel who before tonight had never come down to earth, asked permission from his Lord to offer slam (salutations) to me and to deliver the good news to me that Fatimah (سلام اللہ علیھا) is the leader of all women of Paradise and Hasan (RA) and Husain (RA) are the leaders of all the youngsters in Paradise.”

References

►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-sahih (5:660#3781)

►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-kubra (5:80,95#8298,8365)

►Nasai, Fadhail-us-sahabah (p.58,72#193,260)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-Musnad (5:391)

►Ahmad bin Hambal, Fadail-us-sahabah (2:788#1406)

►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-Musannaf (6:388#32271)

►Hakim, al-Mustadrak (3:164#4721,4722)

►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-kabir (22:402#1005)

►Bayhaqi, al-Itiqad (p.328)

►Muhibb Tabari, Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi-manaqib dhaw-il-qurba (p.224)




HAZARTH Ali (Karam Allaho Wajaho)


Believers love Hadrat Ali and hypocrites nurse grudge against him

Hadith #12

Zirr reported: 'Ali observed: By Him Who split up the seed and created something living, the Apostle (may peace and blessings be upon him) gave me a promise that No one but a believer would love me, and none but a hypocrite would nurse grudge against me.

Reference

Book 001, Number 0141: (Sahih Muslim)


The Analogy between Aaron and Moses (Peace be upon them both)

Hadith #13

Sa'd reported Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying to 'Ali: Aren't you satisfied with being unto me what Aaron was unto Moses?

Reference

Book 031, Number 5916: (Sahih Muslim)


For whosoever is Prophet (saw) Mawla, Ali is Mawla

Hadith #14

Sayyidna Abu Sarihah (Radhi Allah) or Zayd ibn Arqam (Shu’bah is uncertain about it) said that Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) said: He for whom I am Mawla (friend, beloved, helper), Ali is Mawla

Reference

[Sunnan al Tirimdhi Hadith No. 3733] – Imam Abu Isa Tirimdhi (rah) said: This Hadith is Hasan Gharib


Hadith #15

Sayyidna Hubshi ibn Junadah (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger said: Ali is from me and I am from Ali

Reference

[Sunnan Ibn Majah Hadith No. 119] – Imam Tirimdhi also narrated it and declared it Hassan Sahih.


Hadith #16

عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه، قال: أقبلنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في حجته التي حج، فنزل في بعض الطريق، فأمر الصلاة جامعة، فأخذ بيد علي رضي الله عنه، فقال: ألست أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: ألست أولى بكل مؤمن من نفسه؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: فهذا ولي من أنا مولاه، اللهم! وال من والاه، اللهم! عاد من عاداه

Translation:“Barā’ bin ‘Āzib (RA) narrates: We performed hajj with Allāh’s Messenger (SAW). On the way he stayed at a place and commanded us (to establish) the prayer in congregation. After this, he held ‘Alī’s hand, and said: Am I not nearer than the lives of the believers? They replied: Why not! He said: Am I not nearer than the life of every believer? They replied: Why not! He said: One who has me as his master has this (‘Alī) as his guardian. O Allāh! Befriend the one who befriends him and be the enemy of one who is his enemy.”

References:

► Ibn Mājah narrated this sound hadīth (tradition) in preface (al-muqaddimah) to his Sunan (1:88 # 116)

►Ibn Kathīr, al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:168)

►Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (45:167, 168)

►Ibn ‘Abī ‘Āsim briefly mentioned in as-Sunnah (p.603 # 1362).

Hadith #17

Most of the hadīth-scholars have described the tradition given below in the mode of revelation of the verse:

إنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللهُ وَرَسُوْلُه وَالَّذِيْنَ آمَنُوا الَّذِيْنَ يُقِيْمُوْنَ الصَّلاةَ وَيُؤْتُوْنَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُوْنَ


[Quran, al-Mā’idah 5:55]

(Surely your (helping) friend is Allāh and His Messenger and (along with them) are the believers who establish prayers, pay zakāh and bow down (in humility before Allāh (SWT))

عن عمار بن ياسر رضي الله عنه، يقول: وقف على علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه سائل وهو راكع في تطوع، فنزع خاتمه فأعطاه السائل، فأتى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم، فأعلمه ذالك، فنزلت على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم هذه الآية: {إنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللهُ وَرَسُوْله وَالَّذِيْنَ آمَنُوا الَّذِيْنَ يُقِيْمُوْنَ الصَّلاةَ وَيُؤْتُوْنَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُوْنَ} فقرأها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم، ثم قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، اللهم! وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه


“It is narrated by ‘Ammār bin Yāsir (RA) that a beggar came up to ‘Alī (RA) and stood beside him. He was kneeling in prayer. He (the beggar) pulled out his ring and he gave the ring to the beggar. Then ‘Alī (RA) called on the Prophet (SAW) and told him the news.At this occasion, this verse was revealed to him: (Surely your (helping) friend is Allāh and His Messenger and (along with them) are the believers who establish prayers, pay zakāh and bow down (in humility before Allāh (SWT)). Allāh’s Messenger (SAW) read out the verse and said: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Be his friend who befriends him (‘Alī) and be his enemy who is his enemy.”

References:

►Tabarānī related it in al-Mu‘jam-ul-awsat (7:129, 130 # 6228), al-Mu‘jam-ul-kabīr (4:174 # 4053; 5:195, 203, 204 # 5068, 5069, 5092, 5097), and in al-Mu‘jam-us-saghīr (1:65)

►Ahmad bin Hambal narrated it in al-Musnad (1:119; 4:372)

►Hākim, al-Mustadrak (3:119, 371 # 4576, 5594)

Hadith #18


عن البراء بن عازب رضي الله عنه، قال: كنا مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في سفر، فنزلنا بغدير خم، فنودي فينا: الصلاة جامعة، وكسح لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم تحت شجرتين، فصلى الظهر وأخذ بيد علي رضي الله عنه، فقال: ألستم تعلمون أنى أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: ألستم تعلمون أنى أولى بكل مؤمن من نفسه؟ قالوا: بلى. قال: فأخذ بيد علي رضي الله عنه، فقال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه، اللهم! وال من والاه، وعاد من عاداه. قال: فلقيه عمر رضي الله عنه بعد ذلك، فقال له: هنيئا يا ابن أبي طالب! أصبحت وأمسيت مولى كل مؤمن ومؤمنة


Translation:“It is narrated by Barā’ bin ‘Āzib (RA): We were on a journey with Allāh’s Messenger (SAW). (On the way) we stayed at Ghadīr Khum. There it was announced that the prayer was about to be offered. The space under two trees was cleaned for Allāh’s Messenger (SAW). Then he offered the zuhr (noon) prayer, and, holding ‘Alī’s hand, he said: Don’t you know that I am even nearer than the lives of the believers? They said: Why not! He said: Don’t you know that I am even nearer than the life of every believer? They said: Why not! The narrator says that he said while holding ‘Alī’s hand: One who has me as his master has ‘Alī as his master. O Allāh! Befriend the one who befriends him (‘Alī) and be the enemy of one who is his enemy. The narrator says that after this ‘Umar (bin al-Khattāb (RA)) met ‘Alī (RA) and said to him: O Ibn Abī Tālib! Congratulations, you have become the master of every male and female believer, morning and evening (for ever).”

References

►Ahmad bin Hambal related it from Barā’ bin ‘Āzib through two different chains of transmission in al-Musnad (4:281)

►Ibn Abī Shaybah, al-Musannaf (12:78 # 12167)

►Ibn Kathīr in al-Bidāyah wan-nihāyah (4:169; 5:464)

►Ibn ‘Asākir, Tārīkh Dimashq al-kabīr (5:167, 168)

► Ibn Athīr, Asad-ul-ghābah (4:103)

► Dhahabī has said in Siyar a‘lām-in-nubalā’ (2:623, 624)

Sajda, prostration to Ghair Ullah - It is haram

Sajda, prostration to Ghair Ullah from Quran and sahih hadiths - It is haram according to Ahle sunnah





There has been a lot of controversy regarding visitation to the graves of Prophets and Saliheen (righteous) and some practices which take place there, there are 2 extremes in this regard
(1) Those who do blatant takfir without understanding the Shariah and rulings properly, but what they fail to realize is that their false takfir would actually bounce back (i.e. to the accuser). Both scholars of the extremist sect and Awaam are included in this

(2)
Those who really do ignoramus acts on graves (such as clinging to it, throwing papers and it has been heard that some even prostrate towards the grave). Only some ignorant people are included in this but not the scholars.


To start with let us clear the basic point i.e Sajdah at-Tazeem (Prostration of Respect) to anyone other than Allah Ta’ala is totally Haraam. To make Sajdah al-Ibadah (Prostration of Worship) to anyone other than Allah Ta’ala is undoubtedly Shirk

The point is that false accusations are hurled towards Muslims generally that they are Mushrikeen/Kafirs (although in reality the Muslims are not rather the false takfir returns back to the accuser as Sahih ahadith proves it), some innocent people are even fooled by clever pictures/videos which some deceivers make in order to spread propaganda of comparing Muslims with hindus (Naudhobillah).


This was was pioneered by the leader of an extremist sect (name not mentioned) who emerged exactly from the place where the Khawarji fitnah always emerged which was and is renowned for declaring other Muslims as kafirs by applying ayahs revealed for disbelievers upon Muslims. He falsely accused Muslims of being Mushrikeen/Kufaar and waged war on them even in Haramayn Sharefayn (where it is forbidden by Prophet to wage war rather there is Lanah on the people who frighten the two holy places) these view points still echo in this sect which gives verdicts like blessed dome of Prophet (Peace be upon him) should be destroyed/demolished (Naudhobillah) they had already used their evil minds upon blessed graves of many Sahaba Ikraam which they bulldozed due to their wrong concept of Tawhid and Shirk.





Angels prostrated to Adam (a.s) but Shaytan denied


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Qur'an states about Adam (a.s): And when We said unto the angels: “PROSTRATE” yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever. (The Glorious Quran 2:34)


Now two very important points are derived from this verse:

(1). Had prostration to Pious people been shirk in Mutlaqqan (all) terms then Allah would have never ordered angels to prostrate to Adam (a.s) because Allah never orders Shirk and It is illogical to attribute to Allah that he can order something wrong (Naudhobillah)

(2).All Angels prostrated and earned a great reward whereas the Iblees (Shaytan) became proud and failed to understand the “VIRTUE/STATUS” of Adam (a.s) thus Iblees not only became cursed but rather a “DISBELIEVER” this also proves that people who persist too much upon declaring other Muslims as Mushrikeen by misusing the Islamic rulings are actually following the footsteps of Shaytan who got cursed by “degrading Anbiya”

Remember this is “Nass (explicit proof)” of Quran and Nass of Quran cannot ever be overruled. So from this the Usool of “Sajdah at-Tazeemi (Prostration of reverence) and Sajdah al Ibadah (Prostration of worship) are derived, The former could “NEVER BE SHIRK” whereas the latter is shirk, the Ummah is saved from Shirk in this regard and the people who put false takfir upon other Muslims have takfir returned back upon themselves (as sahih hadith in Bukhari, Muslim and other books of ahadith prove)


Qur'an on Family of Yusuf (A.S) Prostrating to him
Some people say in stubbornness that it was order of Allah to prostrate so it had to be followed, although this is a pseudo and batil Qiyaas (as Allah never orders shirk or wrong deeds) but still Let us move forward and prove their logic completely false.
Qur'an states at another place: Behold! Joseph said to his father: "O my father! I did see eleven stars and the sun and the moon: I saw them prostrate themselves to me!" [The Glorious Quran 12:4]

The Quran does not do Nafi of this therefore it means that it was not considered as Shirk.

Qur'an then states: And he raised his parents high on the throne (of dignity), ”AND THEY FELL DOWN IN PROSTRATION (ALL), BEFORE HIM”. He said: "O my father! this is the fulfilment of my vision of old! Allah hath made it come true! He was indeed good to me when He took me out of prison and brought you (all here) out of the desert, (even) after Satan had sown enmity between me and my brothers. Verily my Lord understandeth best the mysteries of all that He planneth to do, for verily He is full of knowledge and wisdom. [The Glorious Quran 12:100]
Now this clearly proves that family of Yusuf (a.s) prostrated before him.From this it could be conclusively derived that Sajdah at-Tazeemi even if done to Ghayr Ullah cannot be shirk.

In Shariah of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) such Sajdah is declared Haram (not shirk). It will be shirk only if the intention was of worshiping the person. We need to beware that only Allah knows the intentions therefore the Takfir which ignorant people blatantly make, it definitely returns back upon them thus they should stop creating this fitnah in the Ummah of Muhammad (Salallaho alaihi wasalam).


Animals and trees Prostrating to Prophet (saw)
There are many ahadith which prove that Trees, animals etc used to prostrate infront of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), this was miracle of Prophet (Peace be upon him) and he never said that these things were shirk, however he did forbid the Sahaba R.A from prostrating to him which proves prohibitivness of it but “NOT SHIRK” and he has nowhere called this “Amr (matter)” as shirk in any hadith.

Hadith # 1


ثمَّ سِرْنا ورسولُ الله صلى الله عليه وسلّم بَيْنَنَا كأنما علينا الطيرُ تُظِلُّنا، فإذا جملٌ نادٌّ حتَّى إذا كانَ بينَ سماطينِ خرَّ ساجداً، فجلسَ رسولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلّم وَقَالَ: «عليَّ الناسُ مَنْ صاحبُ الجملِ»، فإذا فتيةٌ مِنَ الأنصارِ قالوا: هُوَ لَنَا يا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قالَ: «فما شأنُهُ» قالوا استنَّيْنَا عليهِ منذُ عشرينَ سنةً وكانتْ بِهِ شُحَيْمَةٌ فأردنَا أَنْ ننحرَهُ فنقسِمَهُ بينَ غلمانِنَا فانفلتَ منَّا قالَ: «بيعونيه» قالوا لا بلْ هُوَ لَكَ يا رسولَ اللَّهِ قالَ: «أَمّا لي فَاحسِنوا إليهِ حتَّى يأتِيَهُ أجلُهُ» قالَ المسلمونَ عِنْدَ ذلكَ: يا رسولَ اللَّهِ نحنُ أَحقُّ بالسجودِ لَكَ من البهائِمِ قَالَ: «لاَ ينبغي لشيءٍ أَنْ يَسجدَ لشيءٍ ولو كانَ ذَلِكَ كانَ النساءُ لأزواجهنَّ».

Translation: We were travelling with the Prophet (Peace be upon him) when suddenly a camel came near“and prostrated to the Prophet (Peace be upon him)” The Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked: Who is the owner of this camel? At this some youngsters from Ansaar said that it belongs to them. The Prophet asked them: What have you done with it? They replied: We have been putting load (of water) on it since the past 20 years, now when he has become old and gathered excessive mass on itself so we made up our minds to slaughter him and distribute the meat amongst our friends. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked: Would you sell it to me? They replied: Ah! It is yours O dear Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam). The Prophet said, keep it but take good care of it until natural death reaches it.The Sahaba asked: O Prophet (Peace be upon him) we are more deserving of prostrating to you than the animals. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) replied: It is not allowed for anyone, “IF IT WAS ALLOWED I WOULD HAVE ASKED WOMEN TO PROSTRATE TO THEIR HUSBANDS” [Sunnan Darimi, Volume No. 1, Page No. 10, Sahih Ibn Hibban (4/335), Imam al-Mundhri narrated another variant of camel prostrating to Prophet and he declared the chain as “Jayyid (strong) having famous thiqa narrators” (3/35)]

Again two points are to be noted from this hadith:
(1). The Animals prostrated to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and he did not deem it wrong

(2). Sahaba asked to prostrate to Prophet
(Peace be upon him) but the Prophet(Peace be upon him) did not say that It is shirk rather told not to do so. He said that If this was allowed then wives should have prostrated to husbands (i.e. the issue is not so severe provided it is done with intention of Ibadah)

Now Muslims and many blessed Awliya Ikraam do visit the shrine of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and this has been practice of eminent scholars, The Prophet (Peace be upon him) has explicitly told to visit the graves himself and Sahaba R.A took the grave of Prophet (Peace be upon him) as a blessed place not an idol as some people falsely assert.



عن داود بن أبي صالح ، قال: أقبل مروان يوماً فوجد رجلاً واضعاً وجهه على القبر فأخذ برقبته، وقال: أتدري ما تصنع؟ قال: نعم، فأقبل عليه فإذا هو أبو أيوب الأنصاري رضي الله عنه فقال: جئت رسول الله ولم آتِ الحجر، سمعت رسول الله يقول: «لا تَبْكوا علَى الدّينِ إِذا وَلِيَهُ أَهْلُهُ وَلكِنِ ابْكوا عَلَيْهِ إِذا وَلِيَهُ غَيْرُ أَهْلِهِ».

هذا حديث صحيح الإسناد


Translation: Dawud ibn Salih said: "[The governor of Madina] Marwan one day saw a man placing his face on top of the grave of the Prophet. He said: "Do you know what you are doing?" When he came near him, he realized it was Abu Ayyub al-Ansari. The latter said: "Yes; I came to the Prophet, not to a stone."
[Musnad Ahmed Bin Hanbal 5:466, Imam Hakim in his Al-Mustadrak 4:520, Hadith # 8571, Where he declared the chain as “SAHIH” and Imam Dahahbi also called the Hadith as Sahih]

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Now this proves from the amal of Sahaba R.A that they did not considere the grave of Prophet (Peace be upon him) as a mere-stone as some people say that Prophet is dead and blessings cannot be taken from his Dhaat anymore (Naudhobillah). Some people dispute over this hadith due to their pseudo knowledge, please note that both Imam Hakim and Imam Dhahabi (latter was very strict in authenticating ahadith) have agreed upon soundness of this report. Had there been a hint of Shirk in touching or putting the head on grave of Prophets/Saliheen then Imam Hakim and Imam Dhahabi would have mentioned so, secondly there is a huge difference between sajda and kissing. On the contrary Imam Dhahabi (rah) who was student of Ibn Taymiyyah has proudly proven the lovers of Prophet(صلى الله عليه وسلم) as right and those who accuse these things as Shirk to be “KHAWARJI'TES”

He states in his famous Siyaar A'lam al Nubala:


قال عبدالله بن أحمد: رأيت أبي يأخذ شعرة من شعر النبي، صلى الله عليه وسلم، فيضعها على فيه يقبلها.
وأحسب أني رأيته يضعها على عينه، ويغمسها في الماء ويشربه يستشفي به.

ورأيته أخذ قصعة النبي، صلى الله عليه وسلم فغسلها في حب الماء، ثم شرب فيها ورأيته يشرب من ماء زمزم يستشفي به، ويمسح به يديه ووجهه.

قلت: أين المتنطع المنكر على أحمد، وقد ثبت أن عبدالله سأل أباه عمن يلمس رمانة منبر النبي، صلى الله عليه وسلم، ويمس الحجرة النبوية، فقال: لا أرى بذلك بأسا.
أعاذنا الله وإياكم من رأي الخوارج ومن البدع

Translation: Abdullah Ibn Ahmed (rah) narrates: "I saw my father (Imam Ahmed) take the hair of Prophet (Peace be upon him), put it on his mouth, and kiss it. I believe I saw him put it on his eyes. He also dipped it in water and drank the water to “OBTAIN SHAFA”. I saw him take the Prophet's bowl (qas'a), wash it in water, and drink from it. I saw him drink Zamzam water in order to seek cure with it, and he wiped his hands and face with it." I now ask: ”WHERE IS THE MUNKAR OF IMAM AHMED NOW? (i.e. Munkareen would be jeleous to know about such things which Imam Ahmed did) It is also authentically established that 'AbdUllah (rah) asked his father about those who touch the pommel of the Prophet's e pulpit and touch the wall of the Prophet's e room (in order to obtain barakah), and he said: "”I DO NOT SEE ANY HARM IN IT” May Allah protect us and you from the “OPINION OF THE KHAWARIJ” and from innovations! [Al-Dhahabi, Siyar A'lam al-Nubala' (9:457)]



Subhan Allah look how boldly does son of Imam Ahmed asks: Where are the Munkareen of Imam Ahmed now!!! This proves that taking Tabbaruk from the graves of Prophets and righteous was practice of great scholars of Islam.


Things do not just stop here, Imam Dhahabi (rah) clarifies another important usool i.e. ruling regarding “PROSTRATION” to grave of Prophet (Peace be upon him)

لاَ سُجودَ عِبـادة كما قد سَجَد إخْوَة يوسف ـ علـيه السلام ـ لـيُوسف. وكذلك القول فـي سجود الـمسْلـم لِقَبْر النّبـيّ علـى سَبـيـل التَّعْظيـم والتَّبْجيـل لاَ يُكَفَّرُ به أَصْلاً بل يكون عاصياً فلْـيُعَرَّف أنّ هذا مَنْهِيّ عنه، وكذلك الصلاة إلـى القبر.


Translation: The prostration done to Yusuf (a.s) by his brothers (and family) was "NOT PROSTRATION OF WORSHIP" (Therefore) the prostration of a Muslim to the grave of the Prophet is for the intention of respect (Tazeem) and reverence. "One is “NOT” doing Kufr because of it whatsoever (la yukaffaru aslan)" but he is being disobedient [to the Prophet's injunction to the Companions]. Let him therefore be informed that this is forbidden. Similarly in the case of one who offers Salaat towards the grave." [Imam Dhahabi in Mu`jam al-Shuyukh, Volume No.1, Page No. 45]

This proves that to call Sajdah as Shirk straight away is ignorance and against the teachings of Qur'an and Sunnah. Accusation of Shirk and Bidah is a very serious matter, If the accusation is incorrect then the person making it will become more deserving of the Kufr!

Here let’s understand from this hadith

Narrated Usama bin Zaid:

Allah's Apostle sent us towards Al-Huruqa, and in the morning we attacked them and defeated them. I and an Ansari man followed a man from among them
and when we took him over, he said, "La ilaha illal-Lah." On hearing that, the Ansari man stopped, but I killed him by stabbing him with my spear. When we returned, the Prophet came to know about that and he said, "O Usama! Did you kill him after he had said "La ilaha ilal-Lah?" I said, "But he said so only to save himself." The Prophet kept on repeating that so often that I wished I had not embraced Islam before that day.
[Volume 5, Book 59, Number 568: (Sahih Bukhari)]

In another hadith it says: "Did you open his heart and look inside it?"

‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏أنس بن مالك ‏ ‏قال ‏

‏قال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏ثلاث من ‏ ‏أصل ‏ ‏الإيمان ‏ ‏الكف ‏ ‏عمن قال لا إله إلا الله ولا نكفره بذنب ولا نخرجه من الإسلام بعمل والجهاد ماض منذ بعثني الله إلى أن يقاتل آخر أمتي ‏ ‏الدجال ‏ ‏لا يبطله ‏ ‏جور ‏ ‏جائر ‏ ‏ولا عدل عادل والإيمان بالأقدار ‏


Translation: Anas bin Malik (ra) narrates from the Prophet (Peace be upon him) who said: Three things are the roots of faith (1) To refrain from (killing) a person who says “La ILaha IL Allah” (2) Not to declare him unbeliever whatever sin he commits (3) and also not to declare him out of Islam due to any of his deed...[Sunnan Abu Dawud, Volume No. 2, Hadith # 2170]


The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) called the "accuser" wrong!

Let us see another explicit hadith which actually proves the accuser to be indulged in Kufr himself.

أن حذيفة يعني ابن اليمان رضي الله عنه حدثه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلّم «إن مما أتخوف عليكم رجل قرأ القرآن حتى إذا رؤيت بهجته عليه وكان رداؤه الإسلام اعتراه إلى ما شاء الله انسلخ منه ونبذه وراء ظهره وسعى على جاره بالسيف ورماه بالشرك» قال قلت يانبي الله أيهما أولى بالشرك المرمي أو الرامي ؟ قال «بل الرامي»
إسناد جيد
Translation: Hadrat Hudhaifa i.e. Ibn al Yaman (ra) said that the Prophet (saw) said: Verily, I fear about a man from you who will read the Qur'an so much that his face will become enlightened and he will come to personify Islam. This will continue until Allah desires. Then these things will be taken away from him when he will disregard them by putting them all behind his back and will attack his neighbor with the sword”ACCUSING HIM OF SHIRK” The Prophet was asked - which of the two will be deserving of such an accusation? - The attacker or the attacked? The Prophet replied - the attacker (the one accusing the other of Shirk) [Narrated by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih, Volume No. 1, Page No. 282, Bukhari in his Tarikh ul Kabir, Volume No. 4, Page No. 301, Haythami in Majma Az Zawaid, where he declared its chain to be “Hassan (Fair)”, Imam Ibn Kathir declared the Chain as “Jayyid (strong)” in his Tafsir al Quran al Azim, Volume No. 2, Page No. 266]

Let us look at another hadith

أن النبي ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏خرج يوما فصلى على أهل ‏ ‏أحد ‏ ‏صلاته على الميت ثم انصرف إلى المنبر فقال ‏ ‏إني ‏ ‏فرط ‏ ‏لكم وأنا شهيد عليكم وإني والله لأنظر إلى حوضي الآن وإني أعطيت مفاتيح خزائن الأرض ‏ ‏أو مفاتيح الأرض ‏ ‏وإني والله ما أخاف عليكم أن تشركوا بعدي ولكن أخاف عليكم أن تنافسوا فيها ‏

Narrated 'Uqba bin 'Amir: One day the Prophet went out and offered the funeral prayers of the martyrs of Uhud and then went up the pulpit and said, "I will pave the way for you as your predecessor and will be a witness on you. By Allah! I see my Fount (Kauthar) just now and I have been given the keys of all the treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth) “BY ALLAH! I AM NOT AFRAID THAT YOU WILL WORSHIP OTHERS ALONG WITH ALLAH AFTER MY DEATH” but I am afraid that you will fight with one another for the worldly thing. [ Volume 2, Book 23, Number 428: (Sahih Bukhari) ]

Please note that Prophet (Peace be upon him) “TOOK AN OATH UPON ALLAH” and said that he is not afraid that Muslims will worship other than Allah after him but that they will fight with one another. This is a beautiful saying of Prophet
(صلى الله عليه وسلم) and it has been totally fulfilled because when the misguided extremist sect accuses majority of Muslims being Mushrikeen then it creates fitnah in Ummah and intense in-fighting. Now from the hadith it is proven that we Muslims will not be in shirk but rather the accusers will cause fighting between us.

Let us look at another beautiful hadith from Prophet (Peace be upon him) which exposes the Batil viewpoint of these extremist Takfirists.


Jabir reported: I heard Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying:
Verily, the Satan has lost all hopes that the worshippers would ever worship (him) in the peninsula of Arabia, but he (is hopeful) that he would sow the seed of dissension amongst them [Book 039, Number 6752: (Sahih Muslim)]

That is exactly what Satan did through the hands of misguided sect which emerged about 2 centuries back. The Pioneer of it just like his former counterparts i.e. Khawarjis misapplied the ayahs revealed for Kufaar on Muslims and declared them Kafirs, he waged war upon the Arabian Peninsula and brutally martyred many Muslims (including scholars).


The Pre-requisites of Sajda - Conclusion

After seeing all these proofs it is important to embed in our minds that many scholars have clarified the clear difference between a Sajda and mere kissing. For sajda there needs to be 8 parts of body touching the ground i.e. both hands, both feet, both knees, nose and the forehead. Plus on top of that the Sajda could only be declared as Sajdah of Ibadah (worship) to ghayr Ullah if the person is doing it with intention of Ibadah (worship), If only these conditions are met and the person doing Sajdah is confirmed to be doing it for Ibdah“THEN AND ONLY THEN” could the person be declared as Mushrik otherwise not and the false takfir will for sure bounce back on the accuser.

May Allah save the Ummah from this Fitnah and save the innocent Muslims from getting misguided by their misinterpretation of Tawhid, Shirk and Bidah.

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